The expression “civil protection” refers to actions and activities put forward by a country in order to protect human lives, goods, settlements and the environment from damages or from the danger of damages deriving from natural calamities, catastrophes and other disastrous events.
In Italy the Civil Protection is a “national service” organized on four levels of competence and responsibility, thus conceived to identify solutions to different problems. The first level is municipal: the Mayor is the first Civil Protection authority within the Municipality, the one closest to citizens. Then if the Municipality is unable to cope with emergency on its own, the Province, the Government’s territorial Offices – i.e. the Prefectures – and, subsequently, the Region intervene by activating all intervention to help the areas affected by the disaster. In the event of more serious and widespread emergency situations, the intervention becomes the direct responsibility of the Prime Minister operating through the Department of Civil Protection.
The role of the Municipality is to evaluate rapidly and accurately the severity of the incident and respond appropriately, speeding up the deployment of rescuers.The office of The Civil Protection of Rome is composed by a team of professionals who work 24 hours a day to provide assistance and rescue services for the population in case of emergency in coordination with all the bodies of the State (the Police Forces, the Armed Forces, the staff of the State Corps of Foresters and the Italian Red Cross) and with the cooperation of about 90 volunteer organisations.